Hormones are chemicals which are produced by the body and they are used to help in different functions around the body. There are different hormones that are produced by the body and each hormone has different functions. One of the hormones in the body that is known to be of great importance is testosterone.
So what is testosterone?
This is a hormone that is basically associated with men or rather it is a male sex hormone that is produced in the gonads. It is secreted from the testicles of men while in women it comes from the ovaries. Another source of this hormone in the body is the adrenal glands which secrete a small quantity. It is basically classified as an anabolic steroid as well as being referred to as the principal hormone in men. It is basically derived from the cholesterol that is present in the body.
Testosterone is hormone has several functions in the body as far as men are concerned. It mainly comes into play during the developmental stages of puberty. This is a time when most males experience a host of changes in their bodies. As they grow older, testosterone helps in the development of their genitalia especially the penis and the testicles.
It is also responsible for other changes such as breaking of the voice which happens to most of the boys at this point in their life. It causes the growth of hair in different parts of the body such as the pubic area, armpits and even the beards on the face. It may also have a role to play later on in life determining whether one experiences baldness.
This hormone is also responsible for the general development of muscles and bones and contributes to general growth of the body as a whole.
Other important roles that this hormone plays in the body include being responsible for the sexual libido as well sperm production in men and this is important when it comes to reproduction.
Lack of this hormone is bound to result in different problems in the body. For starters it may hamper growth with men experiencing stunted growth, lack of facial hairs, low libido, impotence due to low sperm count or in some men, the voice may fail to deepen and this may exhibit itself in the form of abnormally high voices in a man.
The body has its own natural supply of this hormone and there are various triggers that serve to increase its supply when there are shortages. Regular exercise is one way that one can trigger the release of this hormone. One can also supplement the normal body supply through the food that they eat. Proteins that contain some fat are good sources of this hormone. Eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds and grass fed organic meat are all good sources of this hormone. There are also various supplements that have been manufactured to help provide alternative sources for those in need of urgent supply and are not able to get it from their diet.
Testosterone is present in both male and females. In males it is produced in the testes in males while in females it is produced in the ovaries. It is also secreted in small quantities from the adrenal glands. This hormone is known to regulate various natural processes in the body such as different sexual characteristics as well as growth. It is also important in women as it helps in maintenance of pregnancy.
When an individual suffers from a low production of testosterone it may result to some health issues. Decreased levels of testosterone are triggered by different factors ranging from injuries to the testicle, obesity, hormonal disorders and even chronic medical conditions such as diabetes. There are various symptoms of low testosterone that one can identify when looking to identify this deficiency.
One of the symptoms that are associated with reduction in the levels of testosterone is the lack of sexual interest especially in men. As one grows older the levels of this hormone may reduce and this may affect the interest that one has in having sex. It is common in men who are approaching fifty years and it tends to get associated with mid life crisis. However, this is not only limited to men. Sexual interest in women also wanes with reduction in the levels of this hormone.
Another symptom that can be associated with reduction in the levels of this hormone is when someone starts to experience a general feeling of tiredness. This mainly occurs because the levels of energy one has goes hand in hand with the amount of this hormone in the body. As the levels decrease one starts experiencing tiredness even after doing activities which are not that taxing by their normal standards. WebMD has a good article on this.
Testosterone also plays a major role as far as the maintenance of physique is concerned. Lack of this hormone becomes evident when one starts experiencing muscle atrophy. This is where the muscles start becoming deformed. In some people it happens in the form of the muscles shrinking. The body shape may also change with one suddenly getting fat deposits in the area around the waist. It makes some people become obese especially if they are not aware thus fail to take action by maybe change in eating patterns.
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The effects of the lack of this hormone can also be seen in the fetus that is developing during pregnancy. It is known to affect the development of genitalia in the fetus with some developing ambigious genitalia and one cannot establish whether they are male or female.
Lack of testosterone is known to result in different problems in women. It can result in osteoporosis, change in moods, hair loss and even disturbances during sleep. It can also result in the increase in breast size as well as tenderness.
These are just some of the symptoms that are associated with the reduced levels of the hormone testosterone in the body of a human being. Just like any other hormone secreted by the body it is beneficial for many bodily functions.